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FORCE's eXamining the Relevance of Articles for You (XRAY) program looks behind the headlines of cancer news to help you understand what the research means for you. XRAY is a reliable source of hereditary cancer research-related news and information.
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221 through 230 of 232

Relevance: Medium-High

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Strength of Science: Medium-High

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Study : Effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy on the health and development of the child

Most relevant for: Women who were diagnosed with breast cancer while pregnant

Very little work has studied how a woman's cancer diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy affects her child. This study of women who were diagnosed with cancer while pregnant looks at their children at ages 18 months and 3 years. The study found no difference in general, cognitive, and cardiac development when compared to children born to healthy mothers. (12/08/2015)

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Effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy on the health and development of the child

Relevance: Low

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Strength of Science: Medium

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Research Timeline: Animal Studies

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Study : Do antioxidants encourage the spread of cancer cells?

Most relevant for: The clinical relevance of this study for people is not clear

Scientists do not yet know why some cancers spread to other parts of the body (a process called metastasis). A study in mice suggested that high doses of some antioxidants (chemicals that can protect cells from damage) might actually make it easier for cancer cells to spread. (12/01/2015)

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Do antioxidants encourage the spread of cancer cells?

Relevance: Medium

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Strength of Science: Medium

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Research Timeline: Human Research

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View Related Clinical Trials

Study : Aerobic exercise lowers estrogen levels in premenopausal women at high risk for breast cancer

Most relevant for: High risk women with a BRCA mutation or a close relative with a BRCA mutation

Many treatments that lower estrogen levels also reduce breast cancer risk. Unfortunately, these treatments are also associated with negative side effects. A recent study looked at the effect of regular aerobic exercise on the estrogen levels of women who are at high risk for breast cancer. (11/14/2015)

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Aerobic exercise lowers estrogen levels in premenopausal women at high risk for breast cancer

Relevance: Medium

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Strength of Science: Medium-Low

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Research Timeline: Human Research

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Study : Breastfeeding may reduce hormone receptor negative breast cancer risk

Most relevant for: Women who are pregnant or have just given birth and are deciding about breastfeeding

Previous studies have shown that women who breastfeed have a reduced breast cancer risk. This study examines this association in the different breast cancer subtypes (ER, PR, HER2 negative/positive) and finds that breastfeeding is associated with a reduced risk of ER-/PR- breast cancer. (11/16/2015)

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Breastfeeding may reduce hormone receptor negative breast cancer risk

Relevance: Low

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Quality of Writing: Low

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Article : What “The Truth About Cancer” got wrong about BRCA mutations and cancer

Most relevant for:

A website called thetruthaboutcancer.com, created a 9-part docu-series titled “The Truth About Cancer: A Global Quest” (TACGQ). The video states that Angelina Jolie’s decision to remove her breasts was one made out of fear; one commentator states that her decision was “barbaric." This video  contains a lot of dangerous misinformation about BRCA mutations and inherited cancer. FORCE XRAYS provides the following point-by-point analysis on "The Truth About Cancer." (11/10/2015)

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What “The Truth About Cancer” got wrong about BRCA mutations and cancer

Relevance: Medium-High

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Strength of Science: Medium

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Study : Impact of familial breast cancer risk on young girls

Most relevant for: Young women and girls from high-risk breast cancer families

Does growing up in a family that is at high risk for breast cancer affect young girls? Recent research found girls from families with BRCA mutations and/or a strong family history of cancer to be as well adjusted as peers of the same age. The one difference was that girls from families facing breast cancer risk had more stress related to breast cancer than their peers. While these findings are reassuring, parents know their children best, and they should ask for help if they believe their daughters are not coping well. (11/03/2015)

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Impact of familial breast cancer risk on young girls

Relevance: Medium

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Strength of Science: Medium

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Research Timeline: Human Research

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Study : New research may lead to a blood test that detects breast cancer recurrence earlier

Most relevant for: People diagnosed with early stage breast cancer

Recent headlines announced a blood test that can potentially predict which breast cancer survivors are at risk of recurrence. This particular blood test, one of many being developed, is sometimes called a “liquid biopsy.” This early research focuses on a technique that is promising, but not yet available to breast cancer survivors. (10/12/15)

Note: THIS INFORMATION HAS BEEN UPDATED on 11/07/19 with newly-published data. See our updated article: A new blood test may help predict early-stage breast cancer patients at highest risk for recurrence.

 

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New research may lead to a blood test that detects breast cancer recurrence earlier

Relevance: Medium

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Strength of Science: Medium

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Study : Are more men with breast cancer opting for prophylactic mastectomy?

Most relevant for: Men diagnosed with breast cancer

Recent headlines describe the rise in prophylactic double mastectomy for men with breast cancer. We looked at the research to see how many men are choosing this option and what it means for men with breast cancer. (10/6/15)

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Are more men with breast cancer opting for prophylactic mastectomy?

Relevance: High

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Strength of Science: High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : BRCA mutations more common than expected in young black women with breast cancer

Most relevant for: Young black women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer

Most estimates of the percentage of breast cancer patients with mutations in BRCA are based on studies in White women. These researchers found that Black women diagnosed at a young age with breast were twice as likely to have a BRCA mutation than previously reported based on studies in White women with breast cancer diagnosed in the same age categories. This study shows how important it is for all Black women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer at or before age 50 to be referred for genetic counseling and testing. (9/29/15)

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BRCA mutations more common than expected in young black women with breast cancer

Relevance: Medium-Low

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Strength of Science: Medium-Low

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Study : Prenatal exposure to the pesticide DDT and breast cancer risk

Most relevant for: Women with prenatal exposure to DDT, women in countries where DDT is used

This study found an association between prenatal exposure to the pesticide DDT, and an increased risk of women developing breast cancer. While this study does not prove that DDT exposure directly causes breast cancer, it serves as a reminder that pregnant women's exposure to toxic environmental agents can affect their children's risk for disease later in life.

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Prenatal exposure to the pesticide DDT and breast cancer risk