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FORCE's eXamining the Relevance of Articles for You (XRAY) program looks behind the headlines of cancer news to help you understand what the research means for you. XRAY is a reliable source of hereditary cancer research-related news and information.
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1 through 10 of 232

Relevance: High

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Strength of Science: Medium-High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : Physical activity may prevent chemotherapy-related cognitive decline in women with breast cancer

Most relevant for: People concerned about the impact of chemotherapy

Many people experience chemo brain or chemo fog (cognitive effects) during and after chemotherapy. Researchers looked at the impact of physical activity on chemotherapy-related decline in memory, attention and information processing in women with breast cancer. This study shows that more physical activity before and during chemotherapy is linked to better information processing after chemotherapy. (Posted 1/6/22)

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Physical activity may prevent chemotherapy-related cognitive decline in women with breast cancer

Relevance: Medium-High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Update : Stronger guidance about breast implant safety

Most relevant for: People with or considering breast implants

The FDA issued new guidance for breast implants so that all people with breast implants have the appropriate information to understand and make decisions about their healthcare. Required features include box warning, patient decision checklist, guidelines for screening for implant ruptures and patient device cards. (posted 12/14/21)

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Stronger guidance about breast implant safety

Relevance: Medium

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Strength of Science: Medium-High

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Research Timeline: Human Research

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Study : Multiple sclerosis may affect breast and colorectal cancer survival

Most relevant for: People with multiple sclerosis who are diagnosed with cancer

People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have lower overall survival after a breast or colorectal cancer diagnosis compared to people diagnosed with these cancers who do not have multiple sclerosis. Survival differed by cancer type. (posted 12/10/21)

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Multiple sclerosis may affect breast and colorectal cancer survival

Relevance: High

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Strength of Science: High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : Mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 may increase risk for endometrial cancer

Most relevant for: People with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations

A Dutch study added further evidence that women with a BRCA1 mutation may have an elevated risk for endometrial cancer. The study found that the endometrial cancer in women with either a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation was more likely to be an aggressive form of cancer associated with a poor outcomes. (posted 11/30/21)

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Mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 may increase risk for endometrial cancer

Relevance: High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Most relevant for: People with cancer considering a COVID-19 booster

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network has issued new guidelines for COVID-19 vaccinations. Guidelines now recommend a booster or third dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine for patients with cancer, including those undergoing active treatment. Currently, these updated guidelines do not address people who had the one-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine. (posted 11/16/2021)

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COVID boosters:  What people with cancer should know

Relevance: Medium-High

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Strength of Science: High

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Research Timeline: Human Research

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Study : Bone-protecting drugs cut the risks for fractures caused by metastatic prostate cancer treatments

Most relevant for: People with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer

Skeletal problems, especially bone fractures, are common in patients with advanced prostate cancer. To prevent these, many guidelines recommend the use of bone-protecting agents during treatment. The importance of giving a bone-protecting agent when treating patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and bone metastases was confirmed in early results of an ongoing phase III trial. (11/5/21)

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Bone-protecting drugs cut the risks for fractures caused by metastatic prostate cancer treatments

Relevance: High

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Strength of Science: Medium-High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : Genetic testing for inherited mutations may be helpful for all people with advanced or metastatic cancer

Most relevant for: people with metastatic or recurrent cancer

In a study of nearly 12,000 cancer patients with a variety of cancers, eight percent of participants with metastatic cancer had an inherited mutation in a cancer gene that qualified them for a targeted treatment approved by the FDA or for participation in a clinical trial. The majority of people with metastatic cancer were unaware that they had an inherited mutation, and had not receive gene-directed treatment to which their tumor may have responded. The study authors suggest that genetic testing for inherited mutations may be warranted for all patients with advanced or metastatic cancer. (posted 9/30/21)

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Genetic testing for inherited mutations may be helpful for all people with advanced or metastatic cancer

Relevance: Medium-Low

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Research Timeline: Human Research

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Update : New blood tests called liquid biopsies for cancer screening, monitoring and treatment

Most relevant for: People considering a liquid biopsy to screen for cancer

Could a simple blood test change cancer detection, treatment and monitoring? Several companies are offering a type of blood test known as a liquid biopsy to detect multiple cancers at their earliest stages, monitor response to treatment and help choose the best treatment. Although progress has been made using liquid biopsies to treat cancer, these tests have not yet been shown to detect cancer early enough to save lives. (posted 9/29/21)

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New blood tests called liquid biopsies for cancer screening, monitoring and treatment

Relevance: Medium

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Strength of Science: Medium-High

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Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : Do sugared beverages increase the risk of early-onset colorectal cancer?

Most relevant for: Healthy people with an average colorectal cancer risk

A study of female nurses in the U.S. suggests that a high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages may increase the risk of colorectal cancer before age 50. However, researchers saw few early-onset colorectal cancer cases which limited the findings. (posted 9/21/21)

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Do sugared beverages increase the risk of early-onset colorectal cancer?

Relevance: Medium-High

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Quality of Writing: High

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Article : Transgender peoples' perspectives of being diagnosed with gender-associated cancer

Most relevant for: transgender people

An ABC News article provides viewpoints and data that conveys the added stress experienced by transgender and gender-nonconforming people when they are diagnosed with gender-associated cancer (e.g., ovarian or prostate cancer) that does not match their gender identity. (posted 9/13/21)

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Transgender peoples' perspectives of being diagnosed with gender-associated cancer