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The basics of cancer treatment

Stage and grade

Treatment for cancer depends on the  and grade of the disease, which can be measured and reported in different ways. You can learn more in-depth information about how doctors and grade cancers here. Make sure that you receive a copy of your cancer test results, which should include information about the and grade of your cancer. For people with prostate cancer, additional testing beyond is usually done. See below for more information on these additional cancer tests. 


Types of treatment

Some prostate cancers may be small and slow-growing and require little or no treatment. Other cancers may be larger or more aggressive and require significant treatment. Standard treatment may include a combination of surgery, radiation, and hormonal therapies. People with advanced or recurrent cancers may also be treated with chemotherapy, or . You can learn about these therapies hereClinical trials may be available for any  of cancer.

Additional tests

Tumor testing and genetic testing can provide additional clues about which treatments may work best for your cancer. If you test positive for an linked to cancer, your results may also help you and your relatives learn about risks for future cancers and ways to manage these risks.   

Ask your doctor to explain your diagnosis, test results and treatment options in terms that you can understand. This will allow you to work with your doctor to choose the best treatment for you.   

Last updated August 21, 2023

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The following organizations offer peer support services for people with or at high risk for cancer:

updated: 03/08/2023