Cancer treatment for people with mutations
People with an inherited mutation who have been diagnosed with cancer may have different treatment options than people without a mutation. To learn more about standard of care treatment options for specific types of cancer, visit our section on Cancer Treatment by Cancer Type.
If you have an inherited mutation, have been diagnosed with cancer and any of the situations below apply to you, you may wish to speak to your doctor about your medical options. You may also consider enrolling in a clinical trial studying which treatments work best for people with an inherited mutation.
- You are making breast cancer surgical decisions
- You have prostate cancer
- You have advanced ovarian cancer
Regardless of cancer type, people with a mutation may qualify for clinical trials looking for more effective treatments for cancer.
Because of the increased risk for a second breast cancer diagnosis, women who are diagnosed with breast cancer who test positive for an in may choose mastectomy rather than and radiation. Mutation carriers who undergo mastectomy are less likely to develop a second breast cancer.
PARP inhibitors are a type of that work by blocking a protein used to repair damaged . They were initially developed to treat cancers in people with an inherited or mutation. Since then, research and additional approvals have expanded use of PARP inhibitors to more situations. People with an mutation who have been diagnosed with cancer may want to ask their doctor about therapy.
The , Lynparza () has received FDA-approval to treat men with , castration-resistent cancer, who have a mutation in or another gene linked to a certain type of damage repair. Lynparza may be used to treat men whose cancer has progressed on (Xtandi) or (Zytiga).
FORCE offers many peer support programs for people with inherited mutations.
- Our Message Boards allow people to connect with others who share their situation. Once registered, you can post on the Diagnosed With Cancer board to connect with other people who have been diagnosed.
- Our Peer Navigation Program will match you with a volunteer who shares your mutation and situation.
- Our moderated, private Facebook group allows you to connect with other community members 24/7.
- Check out our virtual and in-person support meeting calendar.
- Join one of our Zoom community group meetings.
The following studies are looking at treatment for people with advanced .
- NCT05252390: NUV-868 Alone and in Combination With PARP Inhibitors in Patients With Advanced .This study will test the safety and effectiveness of the experimental drug NUV-868 alone and combined with a in people with advanced . This study is open to people whose cancer stopped responding or progressed on PARP inhibitors.
- NCT05169437: () in patients with inherited or tumor mutations in advanced (PAVO). PAVO is a Phase II study investigating if the niraparib is safe and effective for people with an advanced solid tumor who have an inherited gene mutation or a tumor with a mutation.
- NCT02264678: Ascending Doses of Ceralasertib in Combination With Chemotherapy and/or Novel Anti Cancer Agents. This is a study of ceralasertib administered orally in combination with chemotherapy regimens and/or novel anticancer agents to patients with advanced cancer. The study is enrolling people with inherited mutations, including , , , , , and people with tumors that are HRD-positive.
- NCT04644068: Study of AZD5305 as Monotherapy and in Combination With Anti-cancer Agents in Patients With Advanced Solid Malignancies (PETRA). This research is designed to learn whether treatment with a new , AZD5305, used alone or in combination with anti-cancer agents is safe, tolerable and has anti-cancer activity in patients with advanced . The study is open to people who have previously been treated with PARP inhibitors.
- NCT04267939: ATR Inhibitor Plus Study in Advanced and Ovarian Cancer. This study will look at how well people with advanced respond to treatment with the BAY1895344 in combination with the . This study is open to people with inherited mutations in , , and other genes. Contact the study coordinator for information about eligibility for people with mutations in other genes.
- NCT04657068: Treatment with ATR Inhibitor for Advanced or Solid Tumors. This study will look at how well a new oral known as an ATR inhibitor works on advanced or with mutations in genes that are linked to damage repair. This study is open to people who have an inherited or acquired or mutation or whose tumors are HRD-positive. This study is open to people whose cancer stopped responding or progressed on PARP inhibitors.
The following are studies looking at PARP inhibitors as treatment for advanced breast cancer:
- NCT05169437: () in patients with inherited or tumor mutations in advanced (PAVO). PAVO is a Phase II study investigating if the study drug, a called , is safe and effective for certain people who have been diagnosed with an advanced solid tumor with either an inherited or tumor mutation.
- NCT03344965: Expanded - Treating Breast Cancer in People without gBRCA Mutations. This study is looking at whether is also effective for treating breast cancer in people who do not have an inherited mutation. The study is enrolling people with an in or an acquired (tumor) mutation in or .
- NCT04039230: Study to Evaluate Sacituzumab Govitecan in Combination With in Patients With Breast Cancer. This studies the effect of Antibody-Drug Conjugate Sacituzumab Govitecan in Combination with the PARP Inhibitor in Patients with TNBC.
- NCT03990896: for People with Breast Cancer Who Have Acquired (Somatic) Mutations. This is a study for patients with breast cancer without a known mutation in or , who learn they have a or acquired (tumor) mutation, found through .
- NCT04550494: Treating Solid Tumors with an Inherited or Acquired Gene Mutation Using the Talazoparib. This study is looking whether the drug (also known as ) is safe and effective for treating people with advanced breast, gastric, ovarian, pancreatic, or other with an or an acquired mutation in certain repair genes, such as , , , , and others.
- NCT05252390: NUV-868 Alone and in Combination With PARP Inhibitors in Patients With Advanced . This study will test how safe and effective the experimental drug NUV-868 is by itself and in combination with a in people with advanced .
A number of other clinical trials for treating patients with breast cancer can be found here.