Cancer treatment for people with mutations
Experts are conducting research studies to learn which treatments work best for people with an inherited mutation. To learn more about standard of care treatment options for specific types of cancer, visit our section on Cancer Treatment by Cancer Type. People with an mutation who have been diagnosed with cancer may benefit from testing and may qualify for clinical trials looking for more effective treatments for cancer.
Most cancers in people with an inherited mutation will have a tumor known as “" or "MSI-H" (). This indicates that the tumor has a feature known as "," which is also known by the abbreviations or . Testing tumors for or can be important, because these tumors are more likely to respond to agents known as immune checkpoint inhibitors.
MSI-H colorectal cancer
- In people with 2 colorectal cancer, cancers have a good prognosis and may not benefit from 5-flourouracil (chemotherapy used in colorectal cancer) therapy.
- Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is an immune checkpoint inhibitor used to treat or advanced colorectal cancer that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.
- Opdivo (nivolumab) is an immune checkpoint inhibitor used alone or in combination with Yervoy (ipilimumab) for cancer that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors for treating any MSI-H cancer
- Keytruda (pembrolizumab) is approved for the treatment of any that test MSI-H, have progressed after treatment and for which there are no other treatment options.
- Jemperli (dostarlimab) is an that is approved to treat recurrent and advanced endometrial cancer that is mismatch repair-deficient.
FORCE offers many peer support programs for people with inherited mutations.
- Our Message Boards allow people to connect with others who share their situation. Once registered, you can post on the Diagnosed With Cancer board to connect with other people who have been diagnosed.
- Our Peer Navigation Program will match you with a volunteer who shares your mutation and situation.
- Our moderated, private Facebook group allows you to connect with other community members 24/7.
- Check out our virtual and in-person support meeting calendar.
- Join one of our Zoom community group meetings.
The following are studies enrolling people with advanced colorectal cancer.
- NCT05328908: Comparing Three Drugs as Treatment for Individuals with Colorectal Cancer. This study is being done to evaluate the effectiveness of a combination of three drugs for the treatment of colorectal cancer in patients who have had at least one prior treatment.
- NCT05217446: Studying a Combination of Three Drugs to Treat Previously Untreated Colorectal Cancer with Certain Tumor Markers.This study is being done to learn about the effects of using three study medicines together as treatment for colorectal cancer that has been previously untreated.
- NCT03607890: Nivolumab and Relatlimab in Advanced MSI-H Cancers Resistant to Prior PD-(L)1 Inhibitor. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and tolerability of using the drugs nivolumab and relatlimab in patients with high (MSI-H) resistant to prior PD-(L)1 therapy.
- NCT05253651: Treatment of Colorectal Cancer as First Line Treatment in the Setting. This study is being done to learn if the drug Tukysa (tucatinib) combined with other cancer drugs works better than the standard of care treatment in people with colorectal cancer.
- NCT02997228: Chemotherapy, Bevacizumab, and/or Atezolizumab for / MSI-H Colorectal Cancer (COMMIT Study). The study will compare how well a combination of chemotherapy and works compared with an drug alone.
- NCT04008030: Nivolumab, Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab, or Chemotherapy for High (MSI-H) Colorectal Cancer.The study will compare the combination of agents nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) in patients who have MSI-H or colorectal cancer versus using nivolumab alone or chemotherapy.
NCT04895722: Combined Pembrolizumab & Quavonlimab (MK-1308A) Versus Other Treatments in People With or Stage IV Colorectal Cancer. The purpose of this study is to look at the safety of a combination drug pembrolizumab/quavonlimab compared with four other treatments in patients with Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) advanced colorectal cancer.
A number of other clinical trials for patients with colorectal cancer can be found here.
The following studies are enrolling people with advanced endometrial cancer.
- NCT04486352: A Study of Targeted Therapies for Patients With Recurrent Endometrial CancerA Study of Targeted Therapies for Patients With Recurrent Endometrial Cancer. This study will test the safety and effectiveness of different kinds of with or without atezolizumab in people with recurrent endometrial cancer.
- NCT03607890: Nivolumab and Relatlimab in Advanced MSI-H Cancers Resistant to Prior PD-(L)1 Inhibitor. This study will evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and tolerability of the drugs nivolumab and relatlimab in patients with -high (MSI-H) resistant to prior PD-(L)1 therapy.
- NCT03955978: Dostarlimab in Addition to Standard of Care Definitive Radiation for Inoperable Endometrial Cancer. The purpose of this study is to evaluate dostarlimab compared to standard-of-care radiation therapy for patients with inoperable endometrial cancer to establish the safety and efficacy of inducing an anti-tumor immune response.
- NCT04463771: Safety and Efficacy of Retifanlimab (INCMGA00012) Alone or in Combination With Other Therapies in Participants With Advanced or Endometrial Cancer Who Have Progressed on or After Platinum-based Chemotherapy. (POD1UM-204). This is a Phase 2 study of the PD-1 antibody retifanlimab in participants who have advanced or endometrial cancer that has progressed on or after platinum-based chemotherapy.
A number of other clinical trials for patients with endometrial cancer can be found here.