Risk Management & Treatment

Ovarian, fallopian tube and primary peritoneal cancer risk management

Fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal cancers are related and often grouped together as "ovarian cancer" because the risk factors and medical options are similar for all three. Every woman is at risk for these cancers and the risk increases with age. A woman in the general population has less than a 2 percent lifetime risk of developing ovarian cancer. This means that 1 out of every 50 women will get ovarian cancer in her lifetime. 


Ovarian cancer screening and risk reduction

The approaches used to manage ovarian cancer risk include:

Which option you choose for managing your ovarian cancer cancer risk will depend on several factors, including:

  • your age
  • the presence of an inherited gene mutation
  • your personal and family history of cancer
  • other risk factors
  • personal preferences

There are different national expert guidelines for ovarian cancer risk management, which are based on your level of risk. Speak with your healthcare provider to decide on a risk management plan and schedule that is right for you. 


Factors that affect fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal  cancer risk

Fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal cancers are related and often grouped together as "ovarian cancer" because the risk factors and medical options are similar for all three. Every woman is at risk for these cancers and the risk increases with age. A woman in the general population has less than a 2 percent lifetime risk of developing ovarian cancer. This means that 1 out of every 50 women will get ovarian cancer in her lifetime. 


Genes linked to fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal cancer risk 

Inherited mutations in the following genes have been linked to an increased risk for ovarian cancer, (click on the gene to learn more about the ovarian cancer risk associated for each):

 

* More research is needed to confirm a link between ovarian cancer and an inherited mutation in this gene.

** Most ovarian tumors in people with this mutation are benign.


Other factors linked to fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal cancer risk 

Research on how other factors affect the risk for fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal cancer has been mixed. More research is needed to understand whether other factors may influence risk in people with inherited mutations.

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Last updated September 13, 2020