Medications to lower fallopian tube, ovarian and primary peritoneal cancer risk
Often used as birth control, progesterone has been shown to lower the risk for ovarian cancer in both high-risk women and average-risk women. Progesterone can have side effects which vary widely based on how the medication is taken. These side effects may include an increased risk for breast cancer and blood clots and weight gain. Young women under the age of 25 may be particularly sensitive to an increased breast cancer risk caused by progesterone found in birth control.
High-risk women who are considering medications to lower their risk for ovarian cancer should speak with their doctor to decide whether chemoprevention is their best option for managing their risk.