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FORCE's eXamining the Relevance of Articles for You (XRAY) program looks behind the headlines of cancer news to help you understand what the research means for you. XRAY is a reliable source of hereditary cancer research-related news and information.
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Keyword: brca

1 through 10 of 119

Relevance: High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : Ovary removal reduces risk of death from any cause in people with BRCA mutations

Relevance: High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Most relevant for: People who have had a risk reducing bilateral oophorectomy

People who test positive for an inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation can reduce their risk of ovarian cancer by having both ovaries and fallopian tubes removed. A study published in 2024 found an added benefit of this surgery – a lower risk of death from any cause by age 75. (Posted 5/23/24)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Genes linked to aggressive prostate cancer

Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Most relevant for: People diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer

Previous research has linked some inherited mutations to prostate cancer risk. This study found a link to additional genes that should be added to prostate cancer gene panel tests. The study also looked at which genes were most closely linked to aggressive prostate cancer that is more likely to spread. (Posted 2/1/24)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium

Research Timeline: Human Research

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Update : A breast cancer vaccine for people with an inherited BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutation

Relevance: Medium

Research Timeline: Human Research

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Most relevant for: People at increased risk for breast cancer undergoing prophylactic bilateral mastectomy due to an inherited mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2. People with TNBC who still have breast cancer after chemotherapy.

A breast cancer vaccine is showing promise in early clinical trials. Initially, the vaccine was tested in people with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who were at high risk for recurrence. Now the vaccine is being tested to lower breast cancer risk among people with an inherited mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2  or PALB2. It is also being tested in people with triple-negative breast cancer who are at high risk for recurrence and are taking the immunotherapy drug Keytruda (pembrolizumab) after completing chemotherapy. (Posted 1/31/24)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : H. pylori bacteria infection and risk of stomach cancer in mutation carriers

Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Most relevant for: People who are at increased risk for stomach cancer due to an inherited mutation.

The results of a study in Japan show that people with a bacterial infection called H. pylori and an inherited mutation in an ATM, BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 gene have a high risk of stomach cancer.   (Posted 1/19/24)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Study : Benefit of pancreatic cancer screening

Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Most relevant for: People with an inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation

Among people with an inherited mutation in a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene, screening for pancreatic cancer found most cancers at an earlier stage when they could be treated by surgery. Posted 1/17/24)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Update : New drug combination approved for treatment of BRCA-mutated metastatic prostate cancer

Relevance: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Most relevant for: People with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer with a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2

The FDA approved Akeega (niraparib and abiraterone) plus prednisone for the treatment of BRCA-mutated, metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Akeega can be used as an early or later treatment. (Posted 11/9/23)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Update : New first-line treatment option for metastatic prostate cancer

Relevance: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Most relevant for: People with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer who have an inherited or tumor mutation in certain genes.

The FDA has approved Talzenna (talazoparib) with Xtandi (enzalutamide) as first-line treatments for some patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. (Posted 10/2/23)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Update : New drug combination for early treatment of some metastatic prostate cancer

Relevance: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

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Most relevant for: People with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer with a mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2

The FDA approved Lynparza (olaparib) for use earlier in treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) when added to abiraterone and prednisone for people with a BRCA mutation found through genetic or tumor testing. Lynparza combined with hormone therapy may now be used as a first-line or later treatment. (Posted 9/11/23)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Human Research

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Study : Early removal of ovaries may be linked to small increase in risk of Parkinson’s disease in later life

Relevance: Medium

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Human Research

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Most relevant for: Women considering risk-reducing removal of both ovaries

The lifetime risk of developing Parkinson’s disease is low. However, having surgery to remove both ovaries before natural menopause can slightly increase the risk of Parkinson's disease later in life. Researchers studied over 20 years of medical records, which confirmed this small increase in risk, particularly for women who have their ovaries removed before age 43. (Posted 5/3/23)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium

Research Timeline: Human Research

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Study : Hormonal birth control may reduce ovarian cancer risk in people with BRCA mutations

Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium

Research Timeline: Human Research

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Most relevant for: Women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations who are interested in reducing their ovarian cancer risk

Hormonal birth control pill is linked to reduced ovarian cancer among people with an inherited BRCA mutation. Longer-acting forms of birth control given by implant, injection or as an intrauterine device may be associated with lower ovarian cancer risk for people with an inherited BRCA mutation. (Posted 4/28/23)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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