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FORCE's eXamining the Relevance of Articles for You (XRAY) program looks behind the headlines of cancer news to help you understand what the research means for you. XRAY is a reliable source of hereditary cancer research-related news and information.
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1 through 10 of 109

Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Liquid biopsies personalize early-stage colon cancer treatment

Most relevant for: People with early-stage colorectal cancer

Liquid biopsies look for DNA or other products from cancer cells in the blood or other body fluids. These tests may be used to help find cancer recurrence early, monitor response to treatment or guide treatment selection for people diagnosed with cancer. This study looked at a type of liquid biopsy called “circulating tumor” (ctDNA) to identify people with early-stage colon cancer who can safely skip chemotherapy after surgery.  (Posted 11/22/22)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Resistant starch may help prevent some cancers in people with Lynch syndrome

Most relevant for: People with Lynch syndrome and people with a personal and/or family history that suggests Lynch syndrome

This study looked at whether a type of nutrient known as resistant starch could lower the risk of cancers in people with Lynch Syndrome. Researchers found that resistant starch can reduce the risk of non-colorectal cancers but not colorectal cancer. (Posted 10/17/22)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Study : Teens and young adults respond well to learning about familial cancer risk

Most relevant for: Mothers who have had genetic testing for BRCA1 or BRCA2 whether or not they have been diagnosed with breast or ovarian cancer

Little is known about how awareness of hereditary cancer in a high-risk family affects the quality of life of teens and young adults. This study looked at the lifestyle choices, cancer awareness and quality of life of adolescents and young adults whose mothers had undergone testing for a BRCA mutation. (Posted 10/11/2022)

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Relevance: Medium

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Update : FDA reports on new cancers linked to breast implants

Most relevant for: People with breast implants

New cancers have been found in women with both textured and smooth implants that are filled with either saline or silicone. These cancers are extremely rare. The FDA has reported cases of a type of skin cancer and blood cancers in the scar tissue that forms around breast implants. The newly reported lymphomas are different from the previously reported breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL). (Posted 9/27/22)

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Relevance: High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Screening for pancreatic cancer detects early-stage disease and improves survival

Most relevant for: People at increased risk for pancreatic cancer because of family history or an inherited mutation.

A research study has shown that screening for pancreatic cancer in people with an inherited mutation or family history was able to detect early-stage pancreatic cancers and improve survival. These results will likely change pancreatic cancer screening guidelines for high-risk individuals (Posted 8/30/22)

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Relevance: High

Quality of Writing: High

Article : Rise in endometrial cancer affects Black women more than white women

Most relevant for: People concerned about their risk for endometrial cancer

The New York Times calls attention to the increase in a type of cancer of the uterus called endometrial cancer and how it disproportionately affects Black women. The article provides useful information about endometrial cancer while raising awareness of a significant and growing health disparity.  (Posted 8/16/22)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Human Research

Study : Risk-reducing ovarian cancer surgery and quality of life

Most relevant for: People with an inherited BRCA mutation

People with an inherited BRCA gene mutation are recommended to have surgery to remove their ovaries before the age of natural menopause to reduce their risk of ovarian cancer.  This surgery can cause short-term and long-term effects. This study assesses the quality of life among people who have their fallopian tubes surgically removed and later have their ovaries removed compared to people who have their ovaries and fallopian tubes removed at the same time.  (Posted 7/26/22)

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Relevance: Medium

Strength of Science: Medium

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Do artificial sweeteners increase the risk of cancer?

Most relevant for: People who consume artificial sweeteners

A large study of adults in France suggests that artificial sweeteners may increase the risk of certain cancers. (posted 6/21/2022)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Metastatic prostate cancer cases increased as screening use declined

Most relevant for: People who are concerned about their own or their loved one’s risk of prostate cancer

The number of people diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer increased following a change in recommendations around the use of routine prostate cancer screening. (posted 6/13/22)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Article : Breast cancer risk for transgender men with inherited mutations

Most relevant for: Transgender men with an inherited mutation

There is little information related to the risks and treatment options for transgender men and nonbinary people who are at high-risk for breast cancer due to an inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation. We review an expert viewpoint on the implications of a BRCA mutation for transgender men undergoing breast removal as part of their gender-affirming care plan. (posted 5/19/22)

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