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Fertility in People Diagnosed with Cancer

Learn about the effects of HBOC on fertility and family planning, how pregnancy impacts hereditary cancer risk, and options for assisted reproduction.

Fertility in men diagnosed with cancer

Some cancers and cancer treatments, especially those that affect the urologic system, and certain chemotherapies, can affect fertility in men. The following factors may influence the effects of chemotherapy on fertility:

  • Type of chemotherapy:
  • Dose of chemotherapy

Men who are diagnosed with cancer may have options to preserve their fertility, such as freezing sperm before treatment or surgery. They should speak with their health care providers about their fertility preferences before beginning treatment. National guidelines recommend that, if possible, oncologists speak to young adults with cancer about fertility preservation prior to starting treatment. 

Oncologists and fertility experts work together to expand fertility options for cancer survivors, which is particularly important for individuals with cancers caused by inherited mutations because these people are more likely to be diagnosed at an earlier age, before they have completed their family.


Updated 10/02/2017

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