Policy Archive Successful Effort

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

Genetic Privacy & Protection

In 2008, the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) was passed to protect individuals from genetic discrimination in health care and employment. GINA was the result of a 13-year effort spearheaded by the Coalition for Genetic Fairness (CGF).  FORCE was an active member of this coalition beginning in 1999, the year FORCE was established.  

GINA LogoDesigned to prohibit the use of genetic information in health insurance and employment., GINA prohibits group health plans and insurers from denying coverage to a healthy individual or charging that person higher premiums based solely on a genetic predisposition to developing a disease in the future. The legislation also bars employers from using individuals' genetic information when making hiring, firing, job placement, or promotion decisions.  Initially, the Coalition consisted of civil rights, disease-specific, and healthcare organizations, but in 2005 the CGF expanded to include industry groups and employers, uniting more than 500 organizations and thousands of individuals as one voice against genetic discrimination. 

The law currently does not protect individuals from discrimination in life, disability or long-term care insurance. For more information, visit NIH's National Human Genome Research Institute.

See our Privacy & Nondiscrimination section of our website for more extensive information about GINA and other legal protections.  

Take Action Now 2021 Priorities Advocacy Archive Public Policy Initiatives

News Briefs

3/31/2021 - Expressed support for legislation (S.5355/A.2151) that would establish genetic counseling as a licensed profession in the state of New York.

3/16/2021 - Signed on in support of the Medicare Multi-Cancer Early Detection Screening Coverage Act of 2021 (H.R. 1946), which will give CMS authority to cover blood-based multi-cancer early detection tests and future test methods (like urine or hair tests), once approved by the FDA.

2/17/2021 - In a letter to President Biden, underscored the urgency of prioritizing access to the COVID-19 vaccine for patients with active cancer and survivors of cancer.

2/4/2021 - Joined a group of 75 orgs in a letter to HHS expressing concern that new Medicare Payment Modernization models proposed by the prior administration could jeopardize access to medically necessary prescription drugs and harm patients with serious illnesses.

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