Policy Archive Successful Effort
Clarification Includes Survivors in BRCA Screening Guidelines
Guidelines published by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) are used to determine which patients are eligible for BRCA genetic counseling and testing with no cost-sharing under the Affordable Care Act (ACA). The USPSTF BRCA-Related Cancer: Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing recommendations published in 2013:
- left questions about whether insurers must cover genetic counseling as well as genetic testing, and
- were initially interpreted to apply only to women who have not been diagnosed with cancer, with a family cancer history consistent with the USPSTF criteria.
In May 2015, the Center for Consumer Information and Insurance Oversight (CCIIO), published an FAQ document which declared that genetic counseling as well as BRCA testing must be covered. The guidance also shared that there was confusion "as to whether the recommendation applies to women who have had a prior non-BRCA-related breast cancer or ovarian cancer diagnosis, even if those women are currently asymptomatic and cancer-free."
In October 2015, the United States Department of Labor issued a clarification indicating that the USPSTF BRCA-Related Cancer: Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing guidelines ALSO apply to women who have "previously been diagnosed with cancer, as long as she is not currently symptomatic of or receiving active treatment for breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer."
The Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) recognized that access to certain screening and preventive services such as breast MRI for high-risk women are being hindered under current policies and USPSTF guidelines. In response, HRSA published a funding opportunity announcement (FOA) in November 2015 to address unmet needs in Guidelines for Women's Preventive Services. This multiyear initiative launched in 2016. FORCE is weighing in and following the progress of this project closely to ensure that the needs of the high-risk and hereditary cancer communities are met.
7/1/2021 - Effective today, North Carolina's Medicaid program will cover genetic counseling and BRCA mutation testing for those who have "higher than average risk" for the development of certain cancers based on specific personal and/or family history of the disease.
6/30/2021 - FORCE added its support to a letter sent to Senate HELP Committee leadership urging the prioritization of diagnostics reform on behalf of the In-vitro Diagnostics (IVD) Reform Coalition and the communities it represents.
5/21/2021 - Joined the Defense Health Research Consortium in a letter asking House and Senate leadership to continue support for the defense health research programs funded through the Department of Defense (DoD) Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs (CDMRP).