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Hereditary Cancer Info > Privacy & Legal Issues > Types of Legal Protections

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Types of Legal Protections

There are laws that protect the rights of people with an inherited mutation or hereditary cancer.

Types of legal protections

In the United States there are many different laws that protect people from discrimination based on a diagnosis of cancer or an increased risk. There are also laws that assure that people have access to specific health services. 

Federal and state laws

Federal laws cover the United States and all US territories. Examples of federal laws that affect people with an inherited cancer-causing mutation or hereditary cancer include:

In addition to federal laws, some states have laws that provide additional legal protections to patients. 

Genetic nondiscrimination laws

There are federal and state laws that protect people with an inherited mutation or risk for disease from discrimination in insurance and employment. This includes the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA), which prohibits both health insurance and employment discrimination. 

Laws about insurance coverage

There are federal and state laws that affect how insurance companies conduct their business and their coverage of certain health services. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Women's Health and Cancer Rights Act of 1998 are two examples of laws that require health plans to cover certain services. 

Updated 05/25/2016

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