Patient outcomes and experiences of going flat
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Some patients with early-stage breast cancer or those considering risk-reducing surgery may choose mastectomy without reconstruction. This is often referred to as “going flat.” The results of this study suggest that surgeons play a significant role in supporting a patient’s decision to go flat. (3/23/2021)

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Expert Guidelines

NCCN has outlined principles of breast reconstruction or going flat following mastectomy surgery.  These include the following:

Questions To Ask Your Health Care Provider

Open Clinical Trials

The following are studies related to breast reconstruction or no reconstruction after mastectomy.


FORCE is a national nonprofit organization, established in 1999. Our mission is to improve the lives of individuals and families affected by adult hereditary cancers.