Breast cancer risk for transgender women with inherited mutations
Full article:

There has been little research on breast cancer risk for transgender women who are at high risk for breast cancer due to an inherited mutation. This review summarizes what we know. (Posted 11/29/23)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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The following organizations have cancer-related resources for members of the LGBTQ+ community. 

Mutations in several genes increase the risk for breast/chest cancer, including BRCA1, BRCA2, ATM, BARD1, CDH1, CHEK2, NF1, PALB2, PTEN, RAD51C, RAD51D, STK11, and TP53. Risk-reducing strategies differ by biological sex at birth.

Female sex assignment at birth

Male sex assignment at birth


FORCE is a national nonprofit organization, established in 1999. Our mission is to improve the lives of individuals and families affected by adult hereditary cancers.