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Men with BRCA mutations have a lifetime risk of up to 10% for breast cancer; higher than men in the general population but much lower than high-risk women.
Male breast cancer is uncommon, even in men with BRCA mutations. Therefore, there is very little research on breast cancer detection in high-risk men.
Current NCCN recommendations for breast cancer surveillance in male BRCA carriers include:
Research on the benefits of breast cancer screening in men is scarce. If you are at high risk for breast cancer, talk to your doctor about whether you should get a baseline mammogram. Some experts will recommend annual mammograms for men with gynecomastia (breast enlargement) or who show breast density on baseline mammogram.
Current guidelines for breast cancer screening in men with BRCA mutations are included on our downloadable brochure on BRCA for Men.