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Menopause Overview

Women facing hereditary cancer have special considerations associated with early onset menopause and symptom management.

Related Force Information

Removing ovaries before age 50 may increase the risk of chronic conditions for some women
Removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes prevents ovarian cancer, but it may come with other health risks. Experts recommend removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes in women at high risk for ovarian cancer due to inherited mutations in BRCA, and also suggest it for women with mutations in some other genes, because for these high-risk women the benefit of ovarian cancer prevention outweighs the risk of long-term complications. Based on a recent study, some researchers feel that for women who are not at increased risk for cancer, the risk for some chronic conditions is too high to consider removal of both ovaries. (11/1/16)

How Women Manage Menopause Symptoms After Risk-reducing Removal of Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes
Results from an ABOUT Network 2015 survey to better understand how women manage the symptoms of surgical menopause.

Decision Making on the Use of Hormones After Risk-reducing Removal of Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes
Results from an ABOUT Network 2015 survey to better understand how women make decisions about management of surgical menopause.

Long Term Consequences of Menopause: Heart, Bone, Memory
Videotape from 2014 Joining FORCEs Conference. Drs. C. Neill Epperson and Susan Domchek from University of Pennsylvania discuss long-term consequences of surgical menopause.

Highlights from ASCO 2014
Report from ASCO 2014 that showed that the majority of women who undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy report quality of life issues.

Menopause with and without Hormones
Videotape of 2014 Joining FORCEs Conference presentation by menopause expert Dr. Andrew Kaunitz.

Early Menopause and Hormones
Webcast from 2010 Joining FORCEs Conference of presentation by Dr. Carol Fabian on early menopause and the benefits and risks of hormone replacement

Managing Menopause with Inherited Risk of Breast Cancer
Summer 2006 Joining FORCEs Newsletter article with overview from presentation at Joining FORCEs Conference on this topic.

What is Pelvic Health Rehabilitation?
Fall 2012 newsletter article on how pelvic health rehabilitation can help with post-oophorectomy recovery and side effects from surgical menopause.

Confronting Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer
This FORCE-endorsed book was written by founder and Executive Director Sue Friedman; geneticist Rebecca Sutphen, MD; and health writer, Kathy Steligo. This book is a comprehensive resource on all topics related to hereditary cancer, genetic testing, and risk-management.


100 Questions & Answers About Life After Breast Cancer Sensuality, Sexuality, Intimacy
This book by Michael Krychman, Susan Kellogg, and Sandra Finestone answers the questions that women need to know about sexuality after breast cancer and treatment.

CHANGE YOUR MENOPAUSE! Why one size does not fit all
By author Dr. Wulf Utian, The book is an easy-to-read self-help guide for women undergoing menopause. Although not geared towards high-risk women undergoing surgical menopause, much of the information is still applicable.

Other Websites

Hyster Sisters
Hyster Sisters is an online support site for women facing hysterectomy or gynecologic surgery.

North American Menopause Society
NAMS is a scientific organization devoted to promoting women's health and quality of life through an understanding of menopause.

Quality of Life in BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation Carriers Following Risk-Reducing Salpingo-Oophorectomy
Dr. Susan Domchek from the Basser Research Center for BRCA presented research on the quality of life of BRCA mutation carriers after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.

FORCE:Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered