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FORCE's eXamining the Relevance of Articles for You (XRAY) program looks behind the headlines of cancer news to help you understand what the research means for you. XRAY is a reliable source of hereditary cancer research-related news and information.
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1 through 10 of 37

Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Physical activity may decrease fatigue associated with cancer treatment

Most relevant for: Cancer patients who are experiencing fatigue related to cancer or its treatment.

Many cancer survivors experience fatigue during and after they complete treatment. This study looked at the effect of home-based physical activity on fatigue in cancer survivors. It also looked at whether frequent counseling encouraged people to start and continue their exercise routines.  (Posted 8/1/22)

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Relevance: Medium

Strength of Science: Medium

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Do artificial sweeteners increase the risk of cancer?

Most relevant for: People who consume artificial sweeteners

A large study of adults in France suggests that artificial sweeteners may increase the risk of certain cancers. (posted 6/21/2022)

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Relevance: Medium

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Increasing melatonin use raises concerns

Most relevant for: people who take or consider taking melatonin to help with sleep.

Adult use of melatonin as a sleep aid has increased even though its benefits and risks are not well understood. This study looked at trends in melatonin use over the last 19 years. (Posted 4/14/2022)

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Relevance: High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Physical activity may prevent chemotherapy-related cognitive decline in women with breast cancer

Most relevant for: People concerned about the impact of chemotherapy

Many people experience chemo brain or chemo fog (cognitive effects) during and after chemotherapy. Researchers looked at the impact of physical activity on chemotherapy-related decline in memory, attention and information processing in women with breast cancer. This study shows that more physical activity before and during chemotherapy is linked to better information processing after chemotherapy. (Posted 1/6/22)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Do sugared beverages increase the risk of early-onset colorectal cancer?

Most relevant for: Healthy people with an average colorectal cancer risk

A study of female nurses in the U.S. suggests that a high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages may increase the risk of colorectal cancer before age 50. However, researchers saw few early-onset colorectal cancer cases which limited the findings. (posted 9/21/21)

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Relevance: High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Drinking coffee or tea may improve survival after breast cancer

Most relevant for: Women with breast cancer who drink coffee or tea.

In a study of 8,900 women with stage 1, 2 or 3 breast cancer, those who drank coffee survived longer after a breast cancer diagnosis than those who did not drink coffee. Both coffee and tea were linked to improved survival from any cause. Several factors were linked to greater coffee or tea consumption, so this finding must be taken with some caution. However, breast cancer survivors who are regular coffee or tea drinkers may find this research reassuring.  (posted 8/31/21)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: High

Update : Cancer disparities: Colorectal cancer in African Americans

Most relevant for: African Americans concerned about colorectal cancer

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) released a 2020 report about cancer disparities among racial and ethnic groups in the United States. In this XRAY review, we highlight data from the report about the burden of colorectal cancer in African Americans, who have the highest rates of diagnosis and death related to the disease among all racial and ethnic groups. (Posted 4/27/21)

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Relevance: Medium-High

Strength of Science: Medium-High

Research Timeline: Post Approval

Study : Body Mass Index (BMI) may affect how well aspirin use protects against colorectal and ovarian cancer

Most relevant for: People concerned about their risk of colorectal or ovarian cancer.

This study looked at the impact of daily aspirin use on the risk for many types of cancers and whether this effect can be modified by risk factors such as obesity, smoking, physical inactivity or a family history of cancer. Daily aspirin use: 

  • lowered the risk for colorectal cancer, but this effect was lost as Body Mass Index (BMI) increased.
  • lowered the risk of ovarian cancer risk among obese women.
  • offered little or no protection against breast, endometrial or advanced prostate cancer.

(3/19/21)

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Relevance: Medium-Low

Strength of Science: Medium-Low

Research Timeline: Human Research

Study : Dairy milk may slightly raise breast cancer risk

Most relevant for: Women who consume dairy or soy

Debate continues about whether consuming soy or dairy products increases breast cancer risk. This study looked at a large number of women and found no link between soy and breast cancer risk. The study did find that postmenopausal women who drank dairy milk have a small increase in breast cancer risk. (09/04/20)

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Relevance: High

Quality of Writing: High

Personal Story : Improving the quality of life for people with metastatic breast cancer

Most relevant for: People diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer

Washington Post article described the cancer experience of a young woman living with metastatic breast cancer. It also highlights how integrative medicine and palliative care, including acupuncture, massage, yoga, pain management, mental health therapy and nutrition can improve quality of life for people with metastatic cancer. (3/10/20)

Este artículo está disponible en español.

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