FORCE's XRAYS program, funded by the CDC, is a reliable resource for young breast cancer survivors and high-risk women to navigate through breast cancer research related news and information.
FORCE developed our eXamining the Relevance of Articles for Young Survivors (XRAYS) program to empower young breast cancer survivors and high-risk women by providing tools for evaluating reports of new breast cancer-related research. Funded by the CDC, XRAYS will provide reviews and ratings of news media articles on breast cancer research to help young breast cancer survivors better understand research that is relevant to them.
FORCE developed the CDC-funded eXamining the Relevance of Articles for Young Survivors (XRAYS) program to empower young breast cancer survivors and young women at high risk for breast cancer by providing tools that they can use to evaluate reports of new breast cancer related research. XRAYS will provide reviews and ratings of news media articles on breast cancer research to help young breast cancer survivors and previvors better understand research that is relevant to them.
XRAYS is a reliable resource for breast cancer related news and information. The program will help people navigate and understand news on breast cancer research in the media to empower them to understand the research and make better decisions for their health and well-being.
The content that XRAYS releases will be produced by FORCE Vice President of Education, Lisa Rezende, PhD, and Julie Huynh. Dr. Lisa Rezende, is the XRAYS Scientific Review Lead. Dr. Rezende earned her PhD in Microbiology and Immunology from Albert Einstein College of Medicine and completed four years of post-doctoral research at Harvard Medical School. She will work with Research Associate Julie Huynh. Ms. Huynh earned a BS in Molecular and Cellular Biology, a BA in Creative Writing, and is completing her MS in Molecular and Cellular Biology at the University of Arizona.
Dr. Rezende and Ms. Huynh will decide on the media articles relevant to young breast cancer survivors and high-risk women from articles submitted to the team and those that have received significant attention and have stimulated discussion in the community and are important. Dr. Rezende and Ms. Huynh will then read the primary literature scientific literature. This literature is where scientists present their data and interpretations. They will compare what was found in the original research and what the media article reported. Ms. Huynh will write up a summary on the original research findings and use a rating rubric developed by our team to assign ratings to the research publication as well as media articles which covered the research (see below).
Dr. Rezende and Ms. Huynh will then send the summary to select members of the FORCE scientific advisory board, which consists of active researchers and clinicians in the fields of cancer, genetics, surgery, behavioral health, policy, and survivorship. No summary will be published without having approval from one or more members of the advisory board.
Original research study articles will be rated on a scale of 1-15. These 15 points will be converted to a meter that ranges in scale from low, low/medium, medium, medium/high, to high.
5 points will be given to the overall research design accounting for:
5 points will be given to the analysis of the study accounting for:
Media articles are rated on a 5 star rating scale.
To determine what rating the media article gets, XRAYS will look at whether the writing is accurate:
XRAYS will also take into account how well the article was executed:
Finally the rating will look at how scientifically accurate the media report is:
Any part of a story that does not meet these criteria will result in lost points on the rating.
Results from the FORCE XRAYS evaluation and survey of media use by young breast cancer survivors and young women at high risk for breast cancer have been presented at national conferences. Presentations include:
American Public Health Association National Meeting, November 2015: Development, Implementation, and Evaluation of the eXamining Relevance of Articles to Young Survivors (XRAYS) Program to Summarize Recent Research Findings for Young Breast Cancer Survivors: Findings from the First Year
San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, December 2015: XRAYS (eXamining Relevance of Articles to Young Survivors) Program Survey of Information Needs and Media Use by Young Breast Cancer Survivors and Young Women at High Risk for Breast Cancer
The FORCE XRAYS program thanks the members of our steering committee and our partner organizations Young Survival Coalition, Living Beyond Breast Cancer, Triple Step Toward the Cure, and Tigerlily Foundation for helping us establish and improve the XRAYS program.
This project was supported by the Cooperative Agreement Number, DP005404, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Department of Health and Human Services.